Racism in the healthcare sector

Student’s name

Institutional affiliation









The essay will provide a comprehensive analysis and the steps that have been undertaken by various healthcare personnel to eliminate infant mortality and racial disparities in maternal in the United States (Perez, 2011). The essay will review the article by the title “The danger of being pregnant and black in America” written by Miriam Zoila Perez. The Author of the article is a professional writer who also hosts two podcasts, Tonic and Radio Menea.

What did you learn that was new? Discuss at least two significant DETAILS. Be explicit. Show us you read. Describe how the story made you feel as you read it. Again, be specific

One thing that I have learned from the article is that black women are three or four times more likely to face pregnancy-related complications than whites women in the United States. Additionally, minority races such as African American women are two to four times more likely to give birth to a premature child than white women. Black women are also times likely to pass on due to pregnancy related complications than their counterparts white women, and their kids are twice more likely to pass on within the first year after birth than their counterparts white women’s kids.

The other new thing that I have learned is that the high rate of pregnancy complication associated with black women is basically, human right and public health emergency since various researches estimate that a big percentage of those pregnancy complications are medically preventable (Colugnati, Staras, Dollard & Cannon, 2007). The pregnancy complication is also associated with poor living standards among the minority groups in the United States such as poor access to quality healthcare since it is a leading factor among African Americans at a lower socioeconomic level.

African American women are undervalued in the process of seeking medication. They are not taken care of as white women; the black women are dismissed and ignored when they present pregnancy complication symptoms. The story of Jessica Roach made me feel frustrated and pity the American healthcare system. Roach as a healthcare professional ought to be treated better by her counterpart professional despite being a woman of color. The stressful life Roach had experience through her professional contributed immensely to his pregnancy complication. I sympathize with Roach since discrimination in the workplace makes her perform healthcare duties at 120% compared to 80% performed by her counterpart nurses.

Explain how you think race shaped the experience of the author AND how do you think race (experience being racialized) shaped your response to the story if at all.

The race has shaped Zoila’s life in many ways, Zoila started her career as a person who provided to women during pregnancy and birth. Due to a lot of discrimination, she found associated with Women of color during pregnancy she started writing articles that advocated for equality in the healthcare system specifically concerning women’s pregnancy. As a Cuban-American writer has concentrated on how gender and race have affected health. Her current work of writing article concerning racial discrimination has led her to explore complex ways that determine how identity shape care delivery to the women of the color.

According to the article, the author has gained experience in other professional fields by relating poor health care delivery to women of color. For instance, the author has advocated for improvement in the environment and the social conditions such as housing and education, access to healthcare services, and poverty associated with African American women which play a significant role in ensuring quality health black women’s pregnancy.

Through the article, I have realized I can only eliminate health discrimination in the United States through writing and establishing programs intended to improve the health of pregnant women. For instance, Roach is part of the team that advocates for quality care of black women during childbirth and pregnancy in the United States, such programs include Black Mamas Matter Alliance (BMMA), founded in 2006 that works to change research, culture, and policy to better healthcare services for women of the color.

Discuss how information from this course has shaped how you received the information in the story (or how can you connect this to other readings in this course).

The knowledge I have gained from the course I have shaped my thinking on how I have received information from this article. From the course, I learned that minority groups in any developed country face social challenges confronted with numerous webs of problems that negatively affect their wellbeing and health. The course makes a clear relationship between racial discrimination and how it affects individual health. Racial discrimination may lead to physiological stress which affects health through behavior responses.

Individuals who have previously faced discrimination in the healthcare sector may become reluctant to seek medication in those healthcare facilities. Some of the individuals may only seek medication when they are at high risk of losing their lives (Morrison, 2019). The article elaborates on racial discrimination concepts through life experiences faced by Serena Williams, the author of the article, and the healthcare professional, Jessica Roach. Additionally, the three women represent the minority in the United States.

Roach’s pregnancy complication was contributed majorly by the racism and expectations she encountered from her workplace as a nurse. The healthcare system was structured such that he had to perform about 120% of duties compared to 80% performed by the white nurses. According to the course stress emanating from the workplace can lead to pregnancy complications among women. Since the majority of the minority groups do not trust the healthcare systems within the United States, they ended up forming healthcare organizations that only takes care of the black people’s welfare.

In order for the minority to survive discrimination in the healthcare programs, they end up forming programs that unite them through accessible care, consistent, comprehension, early pregnancy checkup which also extend into the child’s early life. The programs also ensure there is adequate psychological support to women who had experienced racial discrimination.


The health status of the minority and the disadvantaged is a topic of increasing scientific relevance and the increasing policy in many developed countries across the globe. The article used in the essay provides evidence that racial discrimination is the main cause of pregnancies related death among black women that have been proven preventable. Policymakers and future researchers should be mindful to eradicate barriers to quality care that lie in the experiences of the healthcare sector itself.






Colugnati, F. A., Staras, S. A., Dollard, S. C., & Cannon, M. J. (2007). Incidence of cytomegalovirus infection among the general population and pregnant women in the United States. BMC infectious diseases7(1), 71.

Morrison, J. C. (2019). Resuscitating the Black Body: Reproductive Justice as Resistance to the State’s Property Interest in Black Women’s Reproductive Capacity. Yale JL & Feminism31, 35.

Perez, M. Z. (2011). Past and Present Collide as the Black Anti-Abortion Movement Grows. Colorlines, March3.

week 4

Question 1: The classical and positivist schools of criminology

Using 500-700 words discuss in detail the two primary historical schools of thought presented in this week’s lesson pertaining to criminology i.e., the classical and positivist schools of criminology. No direct quotes should be utilized in the response.

Note: The essay response given should reflect upper-level undergraduate writing in accordance with current APA standards. The essay response is to include a minimum of 3 peer-reviewed scholarly sources listed in proper APA format with in-text citation(s) in proper APA format. In-text citations are to correspond to a source in proper APA format listed after the essay response.


Question 2: Subcultural theory as it relates to delinquency and crime

Using 500-700 words discuss in detail subcultural theory as it relates to delinquency and crime. Further briefly without using quotes give an overview of this article i.e., Nwalozie, C. J. (2015). Rethinking subculture and subcultural theory in the study of youth crime – A theoretical discourse. Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Criminology, 7(1), 1-16.

Note: The essay response given should reflect upper-level undergraduate writing in accordance with current APA standards. The essay response is to include in-text citation(s) in proper APA format. In-text citations are to correspond to a source in proper APA format listed after the essay response

Influential political theory


For this Assignment, you will research three Political Theorist who have been influential in the development of Political Science. One of the theorists must be John Locke. The Other two may be chosen from the following  list of theorists:  Rousseau, Smith, Weber, Marx and Chomsky.

For each theorist, write a one-page profile including:

A. An Image of the theorist

B. A brief history of the theorist life

C.  A discussion about their contributions to the development of political science or social sciences in general

D. A discussion of the major issue taking place in their time that may have influenced their thinking.

Scholarly sources should be cited APA style. plagiarism will not be tolerated!!!!!!

Assignment help

Assignment Details


Introduction: Prepare an introduction for your capstone assignment identifying a current critical issue you are interested in professionally. The topic should warrant the application of SMC learning objectives, providing appropriate context for your writing. Identify at least 3 published sources that support the relevance, timeliness, and significance of the topic in the initial submission.


Statement of the Problem: Prepare a statement of the problem. The problem statement is an issue or problem within a broad topic area that you believe is important. A statement of the problem includes the following components:

The situation in/within (organization/institution/policy, etc.).

Has created a problem (describe).

In (context of the study), this problem creates the following situation (specific details with quantifiable data to support, reference literature on the topic).

This problem impacts (name the population) because (describe the impact).


Research Question(s) and Strategy: Provide at least one guiding question (1–3 required) and discuss the resources you will use to examine the issue (strategy). A guiding question (or research question) describes the purpose of your essay. The question(s) is/are strongly tied to the broad topic and the issue you have identified in the problem statement. This section will be followed by a literature review addressing the topic and problem. You will reference current published materials (doctrine, peer-reviewed articles, etc.) to explain what is known about the issue. Provide an overview of the strategies you will use to identify relevant and current resources related to the topic .Identify at least two strategies you will employ to locate resources.


Literature Review: Conduct a literature review of 6 or more scholarly or doctrinal resources related to the topic and problem you have established for your capstone project. The literature review should be a discussion of the related literature, organized by topic or themes (not a list of sources).A literature review includes synthesis, analysis, and critique of scholarly articles, textbooks, doctrinal manuals, or other sources. For more information read Chapters 5 and 6 of Succeeding with Your Literature Review: A Handbook for Students by Dr. Paul Oliver.


Summary of Findings: Provide a conclusion for your literature review. This section indicates what you discovered during the review of literature on the topic, and identifies any themes you may have uncovered throughout the literature.


Links to Professional Practice:

How was your literature review useful in your professional practice or work environment?What have you learned that is most significant to the topic?

How can the information be applied to your professional practice as a senior enlisted leader


Links to Policy:

What new Army policy, or current policy reform, might be necessary to address the topic/issue?

What are your recommendations as a senior enlisted leader?




Summarize and conclude the paper


Unit Assignment 5

Week FiveFrom a biblical perspective address in a 2-page paper how we (as Christians and moral values perspective) should address the following issues: Alcoholism; Sexual Immorality; and fornication


Write an essay about the cultural impact of popular music on society, and how it reflects the social issues of its time of production.

  • Select a popular song from the era of your choice (1950’s – 2000’s), and discuss its cultural impact.
  • Analyze the meaning of the lyrics, and discuss how this song represents an element of popular culture/ American society.
  • The main focus of your essay should be regarding symbolism, and the symbolic nature of the song you have chosen.
  • Give some background into the musician or musical group you have chosen.
  • Then, discuss some of the social and political issues present in American and, if relevant, international culture that were going on at the time of the song’s release.

This paper should be 2-3 pages, in APA style, utilizing the college’s library resources. A minimum of one scholarly article should be included in your essay.


***********I like the song Mona Lisa, by Nat  King Cole, if you could relate the project to that I would be of the upmost grateful



What do you think are critical success factors for a leader and for a manager? Can both be considered as equal? Please support your views with specific distinctive features of both.

Also give examples of a successful leader and another for successful manager from Canadian business organizations with analysis of traits of each of them to demonstrate their areas of strength.

Your write up should be of minimum 2000 words and must have at least 10 quality references. There is no upper limit for number of words or number of references

case study

This assignment provides you with an opportunity to explain the dynamics of teamwork, including motivation, conflict

resolution, and leadership. First, read the scenario below.

Scenario: The vice president (VP) of marketing has hired you as the leader whose first task involves implementing a new

process for applying customer service within the organization. The VP shares that the purpose of this initiative is to help

resolve a list of issues that are negatively infecting teamwork: (1) morale is low, (2) employees are consistently late for

work while others leave early, (3) workers disagree on the daily workload, (4) there is no drive or enthusiasm, and (5)

above all, two employees have complained about harassment.

Your team consists of eight employees: three are newly hired employees, five employees are male and three are female.

Each employee has a diverse background. Your charge is to reach the goal of improving customer service by directing the

team through the five stages of team development.


After reading the scenario, write a minimum three-page paper by using the following questions as guidelines:

1. Motivation: What is the current state of motivation for employees, and what can you do to improve their


2. Leadership: What can leadership personnel do to positively impact teamwork that eventually leads to better

customer service?

3. Resolving conflict: How can the employees approach resolving conflicts with one another in order to maintain a

positive teamwork dynamic?

4. Resolving conflict: How can the employees approach resolving conflicts with customers? 

5. Teamwork: What types of activities would help the team progress through the five stages of team development?

(See page 161 in the textbook for the stages.)

Also, be sure your paper fulfills the following requirements:

 The body of the paper consists of at least three pages.

 The format of your paper follows APA style. Click here to access the CSU Citation Guide. A sample research

paper that has been formatted in APA style starts on page 20 of the guide.

 Properly cite one reference (e.g., journal article) that you located from the university’s online library.

 Properly cite two references (e.g., article, webpage) that you located from reputable sources (e.g., online library

Critical thinking

Assignment 1 “Essay”

Words count: 2000 words


Essay Structure:

–          Introduction

–          Body

–          Conclusion: May include Recommendation

–          References : At least 6 references preferably From New Zealand (Not included in the word count)

Essay Question:

–          Critically discuss advantages and disadvantages of “instant” finance options (short term loans). Discuss other financing options for “need- based” purchases. ” (usually small value, short term).